Most common routes of transmission for hepatitis B or C viruses are the following:
Blood transfusions and blood products using unscreened blood (in most developed countries blood has been screened since about 1990)
Mother to infant during childbirth (very common in hepatitis B, less common in hepatitis C)
Needlestick injury in healthcare settings
Sharing equipment for injecting drugs
Sharing razors, toothbrushes or other household articles
Tattooing and body piercing if done using unsterilised equipment which have been previously used on an infected person
Unprotected intercourse with an infected person
If you think you could have been at risk from either hepatitis B or C, it is important to get tested. A specific test is required for each. Do not assume that you would have been tested in a routine health check. Dr Puneet is one of the few accredited Hepatitis B treatment providers in Melbourne. Please book an appointment with Dr Puneet if you want to discuss anything about Hepatitis B or its treatment.
Getting vaccinated is the best way of preventing hepatitis B infection. More than one billion doses of the hepatitis B vaccine have been used since the early 1980s and it has been shown to be effective in approximately 95% of cases. There is currently no vaccine for hepatitis C.